WHAT IS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (Hypertension)?
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-run force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it should eventually cause health issues, like heart disease.
Blood pressure is set each by the quantity of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. A lot of blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
Hypertension usually develops over the course of many years. Usually, you don’t notice any symptoms. however even while not symptoms, high blood pressure will cause harm to your blood vessels and organs, particularly the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys.
High blood pressure generally develops over many years. High blood pressure affects nearly everyone eventually. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. And once you know you have high blood pressure. You can work with your doctor to control your high blood pressure.
Understanding High Blood Pressure Reading
Two numbers create a Blood Pressure Reading:
- Systolic pressure: This is the first, or top, number. It indicates the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats and pumps out blood.
- Diastolic pressure: This is the second, or bottom number. It’s the reading of the pressure in your arteries between beats of your heart.
Five classes outline high blood pressure sign readings for adults:
Healthy: A healthy blood pressure sign reading is less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
Elevated: The systolic number is between 120 and 129 mm Hg, and the diastolic number is less than 80 mm Hg. Doctors sometimes don’t treat elevated blood pressure with medication. Instead, your doctor might encourage lifestyle changes to assist lower your numbers.
Stage 1 hypertension: The systolic number is between 130 and 139 mm Hg, or the diastolic number is between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
Stage two hypertension: The systolic number is 140 mm Hg or higher, or the diastolic number is 90 mm Hg or higher.
Hypertensive crisis: The systolic number is over 180 mm Hg, or the diastolic number is over 120 mm Hg. Blood pressure during this varies needs imperative medical attention. If any symptoms like pain, headache, shortness of breath.
Who Is a lot of probably to Develop High Blood Pressure?
- People over the age of 35
- Women who take birth pills
- People who are overweight or fat
- Pregnant ladies
- People who don’t seem to be active
- People who drink too much alcohol
- People who eat too many fatty foods or foods with an excessive amount of salt
- People who have a sleep disorder
Causes Of High Blood Pressure
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood around the body.
It pumps blood with low oxygen levels toward the lungs. The heart then pumps oxygen-rich blood around the body to provide the muscles and cells. This pumping action creates pressure.
If an individual has high blood pressure, it means the walls of the arteries are underneath an excessive amount of force.
It is possible to divide the causes of high blood pressure into 2 categories. Mainly there are two categories are two types of high blood pressure.
Types Of high Blood Pressure or Hypertension.
- Primary Hypertension
- Secondary Hypertension
Primary Hypertension is also known as Essential Hypertension. It tends to develop gradually over many years without any identifiable cause. Most people have this type of hypertension.
The risk factors for essential high blood pressure include the following:
Age: The risk of high blood pressure level will increase as an individual becomes older as because the blood vessels become less flexible…
Genes: Some people are genetically susceptible to high blood pressure. this could be from factor mutations or genetic abnormalities inheritable from your oldsters.
Obesity and being overweight: People who are overweight or have obesity are more chances to develop high blood pressure.
Lifestyle:-Lack of exercise or physical activities can cause primary hypertension. Unhealthy lifestyles and poor diet can lead to high blood pressure.
Smoking and Alcohol: Tobacco intake causes the blood vessels to slim, leading to higher pressure.
Smoking conjointly reduces the blood’s oxygen content, so the heart pumps faster to compensate, inflicting a rise in pressure.
Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol will dramatically raise blood pressure and increase the chance of heart failure, stroke, and irregular heartbeat.
Some people have high blood pressure caused by an underlying condition. This type of high blood pressure called secondary hypertension.
Various conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, including:
- Kidney problems
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Adrenal gland tumors
- Thyroid problems
- Congenital Heart Defects
- Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers, and some prescription drugs
- Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
- Alcohol and smoking
What Are The Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure?
Hypertension might not turn out any symptoms, even though you have had it for years. That’s why it’s generally named as a “silent killer”.It’s estimated that one out of every five individuals with high blood pressure aren’t aware that they need this major risk issue for strokes and heart attacks.
If not properly treated, high blood pressure will injure the heart and circulation, lungs, brain, and kidneys while not inflicting noticeable symptoms. Symptoms of high blood pressure may be present in those who have extremely high blood pressure.
Symptoms of extremely high blood pressure include the following:-
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chest Pain
- Vision Problems
- Blood in the Urine
- Irregular heartbeat
- Pounding in your chest, neck or ears
If you’ve got any of those symptoms, see a doctor immediately. you may be having a hypertensive crisis that might result in a heart attack or stroke.
Untreated high blood pressure can lead to serious diseases, as well as stroke, heart failure, Kidney failure, and eye issues.
Children with high blood pressure may have the following signs and symptoms:
- a headache
- blurred vision
- Bell’s Palsy, which is an inability to control the facial muscles on one side of the face.
High blood pressure: Tips for Treatment & Prevention
You can help prevent high blood pressure by having a healthy lifestyle.
If you have risk factors for hypertension, you can take steps now to lower your risk for the condition and its complications.
Healthy Diet:- To help manage your blood pressure, you should limit the amount of sodium (salt) that you eat, and increase the amount of potassium in your diet. It is also important to eat foods that are lower in fat, as well as plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. The DASH diet is an example of an eating plan that can help you to lower your blood pressure.
Regular exercise:- Exercise is most effective when it is regular. Exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight and lower your blood pressure. You should try to get moderate-intensity aerobic exercise at least 2 and a half hours per week.
Aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, is an exercise in which your heart beats harder and you use more oxygen than usual.
Being at a healthy weight:- Being overweight or having obesity increases your risk for high blood pressure. Maintaining a healthy weight can help you control high blood pressure and reduce your risk of other health problems.
Limiting alcohol:- Drinking too much alcohol can raise your blood pressure. It also adds extra calories, which may cause weight gain. Men should have no more than two drinks per day, and women only one.
Quit smoking:- Cigarette smoking raises your blood pressure and puts you at higher risk for heart attack and stroke. If you do not smoke, do not start. If you do smoke, talk to your health care provider for help in finding the best way for you to quit.
Managing Mental stress:- Learning how to relax and manage stress can improve your emotional and physical health and lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include exercising, listening to music, focusing on something calm or peaceful, and meditating.
Proper Sleep:- Although increasing sleep alone cannot treat high blood pressure, sleep deprivation and poor sleep quality have robust links to high-pressure levels.
A 2015 analysis of data from a Korean national health survey found that high blood pressure was considerably a lot of common among the participants who had less than five hours of sleep per night.
However, whereas improved sleep could support active treatment for Blood pressure level. But it’s not a standalone answer.
Cut Sugar:- Try to incorporate fewer sugar-sweetened foods, including flavored yogurts, cereals, and sodas. Packaged foods hide unnecessary sugar, so be sure to read labels.
Monitor your blood pressure regularly
The best way to prevent complications and avoid problems is to catch hypertension early. You can visit your doctor’s office for a blood pressure reading, or your doctor may ask you to purchase a blood pressure cuff and take readings at home.
Keep a log of your blood pressure readings and take it to your regular doctor appointments. This can help your doctor see any possible problems before the condition advances.