Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

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What is low blood pressure?

 

A blood pressure reading lower than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic) is usually considered low blood pressure.

 

In medical terms, Low blood pressure (less than 90/60) also called Hypotension. It doesn’t continually cause symptoms, however, you’ll like treatment if it will.

 

Many people worry regarding low blood pressure (hypotension), however, most likely do not have to be compelled to.

 

Some people have a blood pressure level that’s lower than normal. Generally, this could be excellent news – Because the lower your blood pressure is, the lower your risk of stroke or heart disease. However, in an exceedingly few cases, having low blood pressure will cause issues. You would possibly have to be compelled to speak to your doctor or nurse.

 

 

How do I know if I have low blood pressure?

 

In some individuals, significantly relatively healthy ones, symptoms of weakness, dizziness, and fainting raise the suspicion of low pressure. In others, an occurrence typically related to low blood pressure, as an example, a heart attack has occurred to cause the symptoms.

 

 

A low blood pressure reading is having a level that is 90/60mmHg, or lower.

 

Only one of the numbers has to be lower than it should be to count as low blood pressure. In other words:

 

if the top number is 90 or less (regardless of the bottom number) this may be low blood pressure.

 

if the bottom number is 60 or less (regardless of the top number) this may be low blood pressure.

 

how to know low blood pressure

 

Types Of Low Blood Pressure

 

Doctors typically break down low pressure (hypotension) into classes, reckoning on the causes and different factors. Some types of low blood pressure include:

 

  • Low blood pressure on standing up (orthostatic, or postural, hypotension)

 

This is a sudden drop in blood pressure level once you arise from a sitting position or lying down.

 

Gravity causes blood to pool in your legs when you stand. Ordinarily, your body compensates by increasing your heart rate and constricting blood vessels, thereby making certain that enough blood returns to your brain.

 

Orthostatic hypotension will occur for varied reasons, including dehydration, prolonged bed rest, pregnancy, diabetes, heart problems, burns, excessive heat, large varicose veins, and certain neurological disorders. Some medicines can also cause hypotension.

 

  • Low blood pressure after eating (postprandial hypotension)

 

This sudden call in pressure level when intake affects largely older adults.

Blood flows to your digestive tract when you eat. Ordinarily, your body will increase your pulse rate and constricts sure blood vessels to assist maintain normal blood pressure level. however in some individuals, these mechanisms fail, resulting in dizziness, faintness, and falls.

Postprandial hypotension is more likely to affect people with high blood pressure or autonomic nervous system disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.

Lowering the dose of blood pressure medication and intake, low-carbohydrate meals might help reduce symptoms.

 

  • Low blood pressure from faulty brain signals (neurally mediated hypotension)

 

This disorder, that causes a pressure level drop when standing for long periods, largely affects young adults and youngsters. It looks to occur due to a miscommunication between the heart and the brain.

 

  • Low blood pressure due to nervous system damage (multiple system atrophy with orthostatic hypotension)

Also referred to as Shy-Drager syndrome, this rare disorder causes progressive injury to the autonomic nervous system that controls involuntary functions like blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory and digestion. It’s related to having terribly high blood pressure whereas lying down.

 

Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure

 

When pressure isn’t sufficient to deliver enough blood to the organs of the body, the organs don’t work properly and can be temporarily or permanently damaged.

Symptoms of low blood pressure caused by conditions or diseases rely on the precise reason behind the low blood pressure. For example, if low blood flows to the brain, brain cells don’t receive enough oxygen and nutrients, and an individual will feel lightheaded, dizzy, or even faint.

what is low blood pressure symptoms

   The most common symptoms of low blood pressure include :

 

  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Blurred Vision
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of concentration
  • Nausea
  • Lightheadedness

 

Causes Of Low Blood Pressure

 

The cause of low blood pressure isn’t always clear. It may be associated with the medical condition, different medications, etc.

 

  • Pregnancy:- Because the vascular system expands speedily throughout maternity. Blood pressure is probably going to drop. This can be normal, and blood pressure sometimes returns to your pre-pregnancy level once you’ve given birth.

 

 

  • Dehydration:- When your body loses a lot of water than it takes in, it will cause weakness, lightheadedness, and fatigue. Fever, vomiting, severe diarrhea, overuse of diuretics and strenuous exercise will cause dehydration.

 

 

  • Endocrine Problems:- Thyroid conditions like endocrine gland illness, adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease), low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and, in some cases, diabetes will trigger low blood pressure.

 

 

  • Heart failure:- Some heart conditions that may result in low blood pressure embody extraordinarily low rate (bradycardia), heart valve issues, heart failure, and heart attack.

 

 

  • Lack of nutrition:- A lack of vitamin B-12 and folate will keep your body from manufacturing enough red blood cells (anemia), inflicting low blood pressure.

 

  • Some Allergy reactions (anaphylaxis):- Common triggers of this severe and probably critical reaction include foods, bound medications, insect venoms, and latex. anaphylaxis will cause respiratory issues, hives, itching, swollen throat and a dangerous drop in pressure.

 

  • Blood loss:- Losing loads of blood, like from a significant injury or internal bleeding, reduces the amount of blood in your body, resulting in a severe come by low blood pressure.

 

 

Some more condition that can cause low blood pressure:

 

  • High body temperature
  • Dehydration
  • Inflammation
  • Pregnancy
  • Different types of medications
  • have a lot of drugs or alcohol in the system
  • Allergic reaction
  • Bleeding
  • Heart disease
  • Disorder of the nervous system or endocrine
  • Nutritional deficiencies

 

Medication That Can Cause Low Blood Pressure

 

Some medications will cause low blood pressure, including:

medications

 

  • Water pills (diuretics), like furosemide (Lasix) and hydrochlorothiazide (Maxzide, Microzide, others)

 

  • Alpha-blockers, like prazosin (Minipress)

 

  • Drugs used to treat High blood pressure, such as Beta-blockers, atenolol (Tenormin) and propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL, others)

 

  • Drugs for Parkinsonism, like pramipexole (Mirapex) or those containing levodopa

 

  • Certain types of antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants), as well as doxepin hydrochloride (Silenor) and imipramine (Tofranil)

 

  • Drugs for male erectile dysfunction, as well as sildenafil (Revatio, Viagra) or tadalafil (Adcirca, Cialis), notably when taken with the heart medication nitroglycerin
  • Medications used for treating depression, such as amitriptyline (Elavil)

 

Preventions and Treatment for low blood pressure

 

The low-pressure level that either does not cause signs or symptoms or causes only delicate symptoms rarely needs treatment.

what is low blood pressure symptoms

If it is not clear what’s inflicting low blood pressure or no treatment exists, the goal is to lift your blood pressure and reduce signs and symptoms. depending on your age, health and also the kind of low blood pressure you have, you’ll be able to try this in many ways:

 

  • Drink lots of water:- Our body is formed up from 60% of water. So, water plays a significant role to keep our body match. These bodily fluids consisting of water facilitate digestion, circulation, absorption, production of spit, transportation of nutrients throughout the body. water helps to keep the blood pressure normal.which is important in treating hypotension.

 

 

  • Eat more salt:- Contrary to common recommendation, low-sodium diets aren’t smart for everybody with pressure issues. People with low blood pressure should think about increasing their sodium intake moderately to assist raise pressure.

 

 

  • Cross legs while sitting:- Crossing the legs whereas sitting has been shown to extend blood pressure. For individuals with high blood pressure, this can be a tangle. For people with low blood pressure symptoms, crossed legs could facilitate increase blood pressure with minimal effort.

 

 

  • Wear compression stockings:- Compression stockings facilitate to reduce the quantity of blood that gets caught in the lower legs and feet, thus shifting it elsewhere. Compression stockings are used to help relieve pressure and pain related to varicose veins.

 

  • Take meals frequently:-

Smaller meals help prevent a drop in blood pressure associated with eating larger, heavier meals.

 

 

  • Avoid sudden body position change:- Sitting up or standing up at a pace can cause a sense of lightheadedness, dizziness, or potential fainting in individuals with low blood pressure. In these cases, the heart has not pumped-up enough blood through the body quickly enough to account for the fast change in position or elevation.

 

 

  • Avoid alcohol:- Alcohol will lower blood pressure further, so a person with low blood pressure should avoid drinking excessive amounts of alcohol.

 

 

  • Medication:- Several medications can be used to treat low blood pressure that occurs when you stand up (orthostatic hypotension).

If symptoms of low blood pressure begin when beginning a drug, someone should discuss the symptoms with their doctor.

Doctors usually use the drug midodrine (Orvaten) to lift standing blood pressure levels in individuals with chronic orthostatic hypotension. It works by limiting the ability of your blood vessels to expand, which raises blood pressure.

 

 

You can also check out: Hypertension: Symptoms, Risk, And Treatment

 

Wellbeingkey Team

We are Team Wellbeingkey, the founder, and editor of Wellbeingkey. we love writing practical articles that can help others live a mindful and better life. we have 3 members team with a graduate degree in Psychology with yoga and we have spent the last 2 years reading and studying all we can about human psychology and practical ways to hack our mindsets, yoga is the best way to solve all the health-related problems as we know. if you want to get in touch with us, Hit us on Twitter or Instagram, etc..

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